Symmetry breaking in UCA-based vortex waves

Andrea Cagliero
2018 Journal of Physics Communications  
In literature, it is often said that a uniform circular array (UCA) composed of a sufficient number of radiating elements is able to generate a vortex wave with arbitrary topological charge. While providing a very simple and intuitive solution without the need for any synthesis method, the excitation of UCAs by means of a progressive phase shift does not always guarantee that vortex waves are correctly generated, since a major role is played by the symmetry and radiation properties of each
more » ... idual element which constitutes the array. When the UCAs are employed in vortex communication links, these symmetry properties strongly affect the orthogonality of the channel modes and, therefore, the communication efficiency. In this work, the symmetry breaking associated with the radiation of vortex waves by UCAs and its impact on the mode orthogonality are explored in detail.
doi:10.1088/2399-6528/aade74 fatcat:6tlgesj65ngvblyzjpy74r3aoy