Interplay between Human Intestinal Microbiota and Gut-to-Brain Axis: Relationship with Autism Spectrum Disorders [chapter]

Francisco Javier Díaz-García, Saúl Flores-Medina, Diana Mercedes Soriano-Becerril
2019 Microorganisms [Working Title]  
A growing body of scientific reports suggests a relevant key role of human intestinal microbiota (HIM) in maintaining the host's physiological and mental balance; thus any disturbance in the microbiota diversity and/or concentrations may result in impaired stimulation of the gastrointestinal (GI) system-central nervous system (CNS) bidirectional pathway, termed gut-to-brain axis. Recent data show that HIM composition is significantly unbalanced among a subset of autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
more » ... bjects, as compared with non-ASD siblings or age-matched control subjects. Several authors claim that specific changes in HIM (diet-based alteration of Bacteroidetes/Firmicutes ratio and death of predominant microbiota after antibiotic treatments, among others) could either trigger or be highly associated events with persistent ASD signs and behaviors. Whether HIM plays a causative or a circumstantial role in ASD severity, then HIM manipulation might be applied as a therapeutic alternative to improve ASD clinical manifestations and behaviors.
doi:10.5772/intechopen.89998 fatcat:gbszxzoe7vhohjftohymlimhcy