Mini-Incision Dynamic Condylar Screw Fixation for Comminuted Subtrochanteric Hip Fractures
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Purpose. To review the results of indirect reduction and mini-incision dynamic condylar screw (DCS) fixation for comminuted subtrochanteric femoral fractures. Methods. 29 men and 14 women aged 25 to 65 (mean, 44) years with comminuted subtrochanteric femoral fractures underwent indirect reduction and mini-incision DCS fixation. Fractures were classified according to the AO classification (10 type 32B and 33 type 32C) and Seinsheimer classification (6 type III, 15 type IV, and 22 type V).
... 22 type V). Functional outcomes were assessed using the Harris hip score and Merle d'Aubigne score. Results. The mean time to full weight bearing was 11 (range, 8-19) weeks. The mean time to union was 16 (range, 13-22) weeks. There were no cases of non-union or implant failure after a mean follow-up period of 25 (range, 18-30) months. Seven patients had a mean limb length discrepancy of 1.5 (range, 1-2) cm. Two patients had coxa vara and persistent limp. According to the Harris hip score, functional results were excellent in 12 and good in 31 patients. The mean Harris hip score was 88 (range, 80-99) and the mean Merle d'Aubigne score was 17 (range, 14-18). There was no deep infection or avascular necrosis of the femoral head. Restriction of knee flexion beyond 90 degrees was noted in 2 patients. Conclusion. Results of indirect reduction and miniincision DCS fixation for comminuted subtrochanteric femoral fractures are favourable. Proper planning and execution of the technique is required to achieve good functional outcomes and avoid complications. Preservation of vascularity of the medial fragments leads to rapid callus formation and early union and hence avoids implant failure and secondary bone grafting. achieve good functional outcomes and avoid complications. Preservation of vascularity of the medial fragments leads to rapid callus formation and early union and hence avoids implant failure and secondary bone grafting. Early mobilisation and union leads to satisfactory functional outcomes. This procedure may be a suitable alternative even in older patients.