1901 The Lancet  
THIS is a Spani-h white wine, suggesting at the same time the Sauterne and the sherry character. Its alcoholic strength approaches more that of sherry than that of Sauterne. The analysis was as follows: extrac'ives, 1-62 per cent. ; mineral matter, 0'26 per cent. ; alcohol, by weight 13'15 per cent., by volume 16'24 per cent., equal to prouf spirit 28'46 per cent. ; volatile acids reckoned as acetic acid, 0'156 per cent. ; fixed acids reckoned as tartaric acid, 0 32 per cent. ; sugar, 0'10 per
more » ... ; sugar, 0'10 per cent. ; and potassium sulphate, 0'67 gramme per litre. The wine is practically free from ugar. From the somewhat excesive amount of potassium sulphate it contains the grape juice would appear to have been liberally treated with sulphate of lime, the so-called *'plastering" process. The wine is dry and possesses good flavour and bouquet. Its freedom from sugar is a feature of some dietetic importance. THE DUPLEX HOT-AIR SPRAY. (THE HOT-AIR SPRAY CO., 37, YORK-PLACE, EDINBURGH.) We cannot remark any particular novelty in regard to this apparatus. It consists of a conical flask inclosing a glass test-tube in which the medicament is placed. The flask is intended to contain hot water so as to facilitate the vola. tilisation of the medicament, be it solid or liquid. A current of air is forced through the inner tube by a rubber aspirator, glass tubes being provided through a rubber stopper after the manner of a wash-bottle. The air in its passage through the tube, especially as it is jacketed with a hot-water container, carries forward the medicament for the purpose of inhalation. In this way it may be used as a hot-air spray for inhalations and for the local application of volatile remedies. AUTOMATIC DISINFECTOR. (FELL'S CHLORINE DISINFECTOR CO., ENDON, STAFFORDSHIRE.) This apparatus is designed for diffusing automatically a quantity of chloride of lime solution in the cistern for flushing and disinfectant purposes. It consists of a pot provided with perforations and containing the chloride of lime. When placed in the cistern the chloride of lime gradually dissolves and thus the water used for the flash is charged with a definite quantity of a powerful disinfectant. The method is by no means new, and the objectionable smell given off by chloride of lime, although it may be assigned to the production of hypochlorous acid and probably chlorine, which are extremely powerful disinfectants, would not be tolerated by the majority of people. It is unpleasant to meet with a chlorous smell in the dwelling-house. RUBY FIRES. (RUBY'S LIMITED, PARK-ROAD, BATTERSEA, LONDON, S.W.) The Ruby fire consists of a compost of small coal with pitch, which is said to be useful as a source of heat for the sick room and " at the same time to act as a powerful yet pleasant disinfectant." This latter claim we may dismiss at once as ridiculous. We need only point out that the combustion of the fire is attended with the production of conbiderable smoke, and an efficient flue is very necessary to carry this smoke away. Doubtless the smoke possesses disinfectant properties, but care should be taken to keep it out of the sick room. The fire consists of a cylinder block which readily lights, producit g instantly a smoky flame which lasts for some time, and when the flame dies out a mass of glowing fuel is left behind. The fire " yields little useful heat and it could never take the place of an ordinary coal fire, although it may be used with advantage for quickly making a coal fire radiant. BATTLE OF THE CLUBS. ON March 9th a meeting of the William's Pride Lodge of the Rotherham Equalised Druids was held at Eckington, Derbyshire, for the purpose of presenting Bro. Hancock with an accident compensation grant of .6120 and the secretary, Bro. Norman, with a writing-desk. Among those present was Mr. W. B. Croskery of Eckington, the medical officer of the lodge. After the presentation to Mr. Hancock had been made Mr. Croskery congratulated him and in the court of his speech remarked that the working classes had become a great power in the land. According to the report of the meeting given in the Eckington, Woodhouse, and Staveley -Expressof March 15th Mr. Croskery went on to say that he belonged to a profession which had suffered largely in contract work by want of combination. They had learnt a lesson from the working classes and they were hoping to benefit by combination. The working classes by their efforts to raise their position by combination had shown their employers that they would obtain better remuneration for their services. The medical men by their efforts at combination hoped that their services would be more largely rewarded in the future. The contract work carried on by medical men was paid at the same rate of remuneration that was paid 50 years ago. Now medical education took twice the time and cost twice the money it did then, unqualified assistants had been done away with, drugs had gone up in price, and diffeient laws had come into force, such as the Employers' Liability Act and the Notification Act. All these things gave more work to medical men. At present a conciliation board was meeting in London, composed of the better-class lodges and medical men, and there was a considerable unanimity of opinion that in the past medical men had not received the treatment which they ought to have received, and it was hoped that in the future the modest demands of medical men would be met in an agreeable manner by the combinations of the working classes and that justice, which was all they asked for, would be given to them. Mr. Croskery's remarks were frequently applauded and Bro. Gaffney, in moving a vote of thanks to him for attending, said that he was glad to hear that medical men had banded together to raise their profession, not only remuneratively, but scientifically. They, as trade unionists, had no desire to grind down the medical profession. We are glad to find members of a friendly society of the standing of the Druids expressing such sentiments, and we commend this account to those members of the medical profession who have yet to approve the value of legitimate combination and organisation. Another meeting of the same order, but in connexion with a different lodge-namely, the Kenny's Pride Lodge-was. held on March llth, this occasion also being to present a member with an accident compensation grant. Dr. J. D Kenny, the medical officer of the lodge, was in the chair. During the course of the proceedings Mr. Gaffney, referring to medical men and medical aid associations, said that he hoped that medical men would demand only what was fairand just. He thought that there could be no doubt that. assistants to medical men, as well as drugs and instruments, cost more than formerly. Members of friendly societies. were prepared to pay their medical men what was fair, but medical men must remember that these members were only paying in the same sums as they did 30 or-40 years ago. Mr. Richard Kirk expressed the opinion that the time had come for every member to bp asked to pay an increased contribution. He noticed that Dr. Kenny stilt attended members on the old scale. Dr. Kenny asked permission to refer to the question of fees. He exptained that when he took the members of the lodge at 3s. 6d. each he had the colliery club as well and was therefore in a way paid twice over. But for that, he should have gone in for the increase and stood shoulder-to-shoulder with his professional brethren. We congratulate Mr. Gaffney and Mr. Ktrk on their opinions and trust that it will not be long before they are put into practice.
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(01)71085-9 fatcat:ulo6lcbar5hi3ntu6k62ej7pzq