Personalities of Obese Subjects

Adnan Gökçel, Akatlı Kürşat Özşahin, Yüksel Gümürdülü, Bülent Erdoğan, Nilgün Güvener
2003 Turkish Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism   unpublished
Obesity is a serious disorder and its treatment involves dietitians, psychologists, and psychiatrists. Long-term weight loss in obese subjects often has a poor outcome. A Dietetic education in association with eating behavior therapy is necessary to improve the prognosis. Among the possible etiologies of obesity, the psychological and emotional factors could have an improtant role. All subjects who took part in this study were recruited from endocrinology outpatient clinics of Baskent
more » ... f Baskent University Adana Hospital. All the subjects were tested for psychiatric pathology. The group involved 397 non-diabetic women (n=268) and men (n=129). Both obese and non-obese subjects were divided into four groups depending upon their personality (PERSONA test). This test defines four types of personality, based on the level of emotion (expansive or reserved) anr the degree of power (dominant or consenting). Most of the analyzing subjects were obese (83.3%). None of the controlling group was obese and most of the subjects in facilitating group were non-obese (84.7%). Analyzers were older and had higher BMI than facilitators (51.17±3.57 vs. 33.40±0.69 yr, q<0.001; 34.91±3.51 vs 24.75±0.34 kg/m 2 , p<0.02, respectively) and controllers (51.17±3.57 vs 26.50±2.53 yr, p<0.0001; 34.91±3.51 vs 23.40±1.57 kg/m 2 , p<0.01, respectively). Promoters had higher BMI than facilitators (29.40±1.04 vs 24.75±0.34 kg/m2, p<0.0001). Personalities of the individuals may affect their eating behaviors. Diet advices in respect to their personalities may be helpful to achieve long-term weight loss in obese subjects.