Transcriptome analysis of the short-term photosynthetic sea slug Placida dendritica

Ji Hee Han, Tatyana A. Klochkova, Jong Won Han, Junbo Shim, Gwang Hoon Kim
2015 ALGAE  
The intimate physical interaction between food algae and sacoglossan sea slug is a pertinent system to test the theory that "you are what you eat." Some sacoglossan mollusks ingest and maintain chloroplasts that they acquire from the algae for photosynthesis. The basis of photosynthesis maintenance in these sea slugs was often explained by extensive horizontal gene transfer (HGT) from the food algae to the animal nucleus. Two large-scale expressed sequence tags databases of the green alga
more » ... is plumosa and sea slug Placida dendritica were established using 454 pyrosequencing. Comparison of the transcriptomes showed no possible case of putative HGT, except an actin gene from P. dendritica, designated as PdActin04, which showed 98.9% identity in DNA sequence with the complementary gene from B. plumosa, BpActin03. Highly conserved homologues of this actin gene were found from related green algae, but not in other photosynthetic sea slugs. Phylogenetic analysis showed incongruence between the gene and known organismal phylogenies of the two species. Our data suggest that HGT is not the primary reason underlying the maintenance of short-term kleptoplastidy in Placida dendritica.
doi:10.4490/algae.2015.30.4.303 fatcat:bbjptwzpxbcmbore6yd3wyejvu