VISUAL WORKING MEMORY- GENDER AND AGE DIFFERENCES

Marie-Lisbet Amundsen, Per Einar Garmannslund, Hilde Stokke
2014 European Journal of Educational Sciences  
The visual working memory forms the basis for cognitive processes in learning, and it is therefore of interest to gain greater insight into gender and age differences in visual working memory among pupils. In this study, we wanted to see if there are differences between children in first, third, fifth, seventh and ninth grade in Norwegian schools when it comes to issues of visual working memory. The sample consisted of 458 students, 233 females and 225 males. We wanted to see if there is gender
more » ... if there is gender differences in visual working memory, and if there are differences in working memory effects for students in different grades. We also wanted to see how repetition and practice have an effect on visual working memory. There were no significant between-gender differences. Students in fifth grade scored better on visual working memory than students in seventh grade when they were presented with 20 percent fewer symbols. This indicates that reducing the number of factors to be remembered increases learning effect. The results from this study support earlier studies that have demonstrated that visual working memory increases with age. There was a clear learning effect related to number of repetitions for students of all ages.
doi:10.19044/ejes.v1no3a1 fatcat:gs63bgwmrvhgfe2xoprvrl4lni