Differential processing and habituation in distinct spatial frequency channels in V1 of a mouse model of fragile X syndrome [article]

Alexandr Pak, Samuel Thomas Kissinger, Alexander A Chubykin
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Extraction of both common and unique features across different visual inputs is crucial for animal survival. Regularities in the visual input lead to learning of the general principles governing an environment, whereas unique features are important for novelty detection. Low and high spatial frequencies (SF) represent two different channels of visual perception, which may be playing different roles in the processing of global pattern and local details. Alterations in the processing of these
more » ... erent SF channels may lead to impaired visual perception. Excessive detail-oriented processing and reduced habituation to sensory stimuli are some of the hallmarks of altered sensory perception in autism. However, the underlying neural mechanisms of these impairments are not understood. To gain insight into the pathophysiology of these impairments, we investigated the low and high SF channels in V1 of Fmr1 KO mice, the mouse model of Fragile X syndrome (FX). We first provide behavioral evidence for reduced habituation of both pupillary baseline and surprise responses in FX mice. Using silicon probe recordings, we demonstrate excessive processing of high SF stimuli in the late stages of visual responses in V1 of FX mice. We then show a reduced adaptation during a visual oddball paradigm in neurons preferring low but not high SF. Overall, our findings suggest that altered processing in distinct SF channels might contribute to altered visual perception and learning in FX and autism.
doi:10.1101/2020.01.24.919035 fatcat:szqcj246rvbltlv22na5qwjhli