Diabetes Insipidus after normal vaginal delivery: a case report

Farideh Keypour, Ilana Naghi
2014 Tehran University Medical Journal  
A variety of endocrine disorders can complicate pregnancy. Diabetes insipidus although uncommon, may have devastating effect on pregnancy outcome, if unrecognized and untreated. The etiology of diabetes insipidus is often unknown, many cases are likely autoimmune, with lymphocytic infiltration of the posterior pituitary gland. Massive polyuria, caused by failure of the renal tubular concentrating mechanism, and dilute urine, with a specific gravity 1.005, are characteristic of diabetes
more » ... f diabetes insipidus. The diagnosis of diabetes insipidus relies on the finding of continued polyuria and relative urinary hyposmolarity when water is restricted. Most women require increased doses Desmopressin Acetate during pregnancy because of an increased metabolic clearance rate stimulated by placental Vasopressinase. By this same mechanism, subclinical diabetes insipidus may become symptomatic during pregnancy. Transient diabetes insipidus is associated with acute fatty liver and HELLP syndrome as well as twin gestation. Increased placental Vasopressinase activity, along with insufficient liver degradation in HELLP syndrome and acute fatty liver, may unmask this condition. Diabetes insipidus in pregnancy is rare. The disease results from inadequate or absent antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin) production by the posterior pituitary gland. The increased glomerular filtration rate seen in pregnancy may increase the requirement for antidiuretic hormone. Case presentation: We present a 39 years old woman, gravida3 para3, was admitted to Akbarabadi Teaching Hospital in september 2013. She was admitted due to polyuria, malaise, thirst with slight fever, six days after normal vaginal delivery. The urine volume was 8 lit/day and the specific gravity (S.G.) of the urine was 1.010. The urine osmolarity was lower than the plasma osmolarity. Electrolyte serum examination showed hypernatremia. The patient received 5 µg/day of synthetic vasopressin, in the form of l- deamino-8-Darginine vasopressin (DDAVP). This drug was given as intranasa [...]
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