Retrosplenial cortex and its role in spatial cognition [article]

Anna S Mitchell, Rafał Czajkowski, Ningyu Zhang, Kate Jeffery, Andrew Nelson
2017 bioRxiv   pre-print
Retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is a region within the posterior neocortical system, heavily interconnected with an array of brain networks, both cortical and subcortical, that is engaged by a myriad of cognitive tasks. Although there is no consensus as to its precise function, evidence from both human and animal studies clearly points to a role in spatial cognition. However, the spatial processing impairments that follow RSC damage are not straightforward to characterise, leading to difficulties in
more » ... defining the exact nature of its role. In the present article we review this literature and classify the types of ideas that have been put forward into three broad, somewhat overlapping classes: (i) Learning of landmark location, stability and permanence; (ii) Integration between spatial reference frames, and (iii) Consolidation and retrieval of spatial knowledge ('schemas'). We evaluate these models and suggest ways to test them, before briefly discussing whether the spatial function may be a subset of a more general function in episodic memory.
doi:10.1101/190801 fatcat:zhdtzdiljrbvxl5nklq4kr5mgm