The X-ray and radio connection in low-luminosity active nuclei

F. Panessa, X. Barcons, L. Bassani, M. Cappi, F. J. Carrera, L. C. Ho, S. Pellegrini
2007 Astronomy and Astrophysics  
We present the results of the correlation between the nuclear 2-10 keV X-ray and radio (at 2cm, 6cm and 20cm) luminosities for a well defined sample of local Seyfert galaxies. We use a sample of low luminosity radio galaxies (LLRGs) for comparison. In both Seyfert and LLRGs samples, X-ray and radio luminosities are significantly correlated over 8 orders of magnitude, indicating that the X-ray and radio emission sources are strongly coupled. Moreover, both samples show a similar regression
more » ... ar regression slope, L(X)$\propto$ L(R)^(0.97), but Seyfert galaxies are three orders of magnitude less luminous in the radio band than LLRGs. This suggests that either similar physical mechanisms are responsible for the observed emission or a combination of different mechanisms ends up producing a similar correlation slope. Indeed, the common belief for LLRG is that both the X-ray and radio emission are likely dominated by a relativistic jet component, while in Seyfert galaxies the X-ray emission probably arises from a disk-corona system and the radio emission is attributed to a jet/outflow component. We investigate the radio loudness issue in the two samples and find that the Seyfert galaxies and the LLRGs show a different distribution of the radio loudness parameters. No correlation is found between the luminosity and the radio loudness, however the latter is related to the black hole mass and anti-correlated with the Eddington ratio. The dichotomy in the radio loudness between Seyfert and LLRG observed down to low Eddington ratios, L(2-10)/L(Edd) $\sim$ 10^(-8), does not support the idea that the origin of the radio loudness is due to a switch in the accretion mode.
doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20066943 fatcat:yiqkzy2fmbhjzo67ar7ybnqbde