High-accuracy Diagnostic Tool for Electron Cloud Observation in the LHC based on Synchronous Phase Measurements

Juan Esteban Müller, Philippe Baudrenghien, Themis Mastoridis, Elena Shaposhnikova, Daniel Valuch, Petit-Jean-Genaz, Christine (Ed.), Arduini, Gianluigi (Ed.), Michel, Peter (Ed.), Schaa, Volker RW (Ed.)
Electron cloud effects such as heat load in the cryogenic system, pressure rise and beam instabilities are among the main limitations for the LHC operation with 25 ns spaced bunches. A new observation tool was developed to monitor the e-cloud activity and has been successfully used in the LHC during Run 1 (2010-2012). The power loss of each bunch due to the e-cloud can be estimated using very precise bunch-by-bunch measurement of the synchronous phase shift. In order to achieve the required
more » ... racy, corrections for reflection in the cables and some systematic errors need to be applied followed by a post-processing of the measurements. Results show clearly the e-cloud build-up along the bunch trains and its evolution during each LHC fill as well as from fill to fill. Measurements during the 2012 LHC scrubbing run reveal a progressive reduction in the e-cloud activity and therefore a decrease in the secondary electron yield (SEY). The total beam power loss can be computed as a sum of the contributions from all bunches and compared with the heat load deposited in the cryogenic system. The plan to use this method in the LHC operation is also presented.
doi:10.18429/jacow-ipac2014-thpme174 fatcat:evbrtt5bwjf3fnl632e5a7iuoi