Recovering the Primordial Density Fluctuations: A Comparison of Methods
We present a comparative study of six different methods for reversing the gravitational evolution of a cosmological density field to recover the primordial fluctuations: linear theory, the Gaussianization mapping scheme, two different quasi-linear dynamical schemes based on the Zel'dovich approximation, a Hybrid dynamical-Gaussianization method and the Path Interchange Zel'dovich Approximation (PIZA). The final evolved density field from an N-body simulation constitutes our test case. We use a
... est case. We use a variety of statistical measures to compare the initial density field recovered from it to the true initial density field, using each of the six different schemes. These include point-by-point comparisons of the density fields in real space, the individual modes in Fourier space, as well as global statistical properties such as the genus, the PDF of the density, and the distribution of peak heights and their shapes. We find linear theory to be the most inaccurate of all the schemes. The Gaussianization scheme is the least accurate after linear theory. The two quasi-linear dynamical schemes are more accurate than Gaussianization, although they break down quite drastically when used outside their range of validity - the quasi-linear regime. The complementary beneficial aspects of the dynamical and the Gaussianization schemes are combined in the Hybrid method. We find this Hybrid scheme to be more accurate and robust than either Gaussianization or the dynamical method alone. The PIZA scheme performs substantially better than the others in all point-by-point comparisons. However, it produces an oversmoothed initial density field, with a smaller number of peaks than expected, but recovers the PDF of the initial density with impressive accuracy on scales as small as 3Mpc/h.