Discovering Physical Interaction Vulnerabilities in IoT Deployments [article]

Muslum Ozgur Ozmen, Xuansong Li, Andrew Chun-An Chu, Z. Berkay Celik, Bardh Hoxha, Xiangyu Zhang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Internet of Things (IoT) applications drive the behavior of IoT deployments according to installed sensors and actuators. It has recently been shown that IoT deployments are vulnerable to physical interactions, caused by design flaws or malicious intent, that can have severe physical consequences. Yet, extant approaches to securing IoT do not translate the app source code into its physical behavior to evaluate physical interactions. Thus, IoT consumers and markets do not possess the capability
more » ... o assess the safety and security risks these interactions present. In this paper, we introduce the IoTSeer security service for IoT deployments, which uncovers undesired states caused by physical interactions. IoTSeer operates in four phases (1) translation of each actuation command and sensor event in an app source code into a hybrid I/O automaton that defines an app's physical behavior, (2) combining apps in a novel composite automaton that represents the joint physical behavior of interacting apps, (3) applying grid-based testing and falsification to validate whether an IoT deployment conforms to desired physical interaction policies, and (4) identification of the root cause of policy violations and proposing patches that guide users to prevent them. We use IoTSeer in an actual house with 13 actuators and six sensors with 37 apps and demonstrate its effectiveness and performance.
arXiv:2102.01812v1 fatcat:ib5wdaeydzcellemgg746obewa