An Overview of Recent Developments in Hetero-Catalytic Conversion of Cellulosic Biomass
Research Communication in Engineering Science & Technology
In recent years, research activities involved in the production of nanocellulosic materials have grown substantially, rapidly stimulating the development of innovative production techniques. These materials are chemically extracted by acid-catalyzed Hydrolysis of the renewable and widely available cellulosic biomass. In this regard, sulfuric acid-catalyzed Hydrolysis of cellulosic biomass is a commonly known method for the production of nanostructured cellulose. However, this method may result
... method may result in many disadvantages, including short catalyst-lifetime, corrosive to the reactor materials and managing the spent sulfuric acid resulted from the production process. This dictates the implementation of an eco-industrial alternative for the catalytic production of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC). A viable and practical alternative is the application of heterogeneous (solid acids) catalysts, which can be more conducive in providing favorable platforms for efficient cellulose hydrolysis. This review highlights the current production methods of nanocrystalline cellulose. Further, recent literature on the heterogeneous-catalytic conversion of cellulosic biomass is briefly discussed. The limitations and disadvantages of these techniques are also described.