Preparation of Porous Ceramic Materials Dispersed with Activated Carbon from Industrial Solid Wastes and their Characterization

Ryo SASAI, Masahiro TORAZAWA, Katsuya SHIBAGUCHI, Hideaki ITOH
2003 Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan  
In order to solve environmental problems, such as the shortage of dump yards and the exhaust of toxic gases by incineration of the industrial solid wastesiISWj , the development of a new method to prepare porous adsorbents from ISW's was investigated. Sludge from gravel plants and sawdust from wood plants were used as ISW'. A mixture of the sludge, sawdust, and clay minerals added as caking additive was kneaded together with an appropriate amount of waster or activator aqueous solution. The
more » ... ded mixture was molded in a cylindrical shape by extrusion, and then calcined for 1 h under N 2 atmosphere. The prepared calcined bodies had a porous structure with pore sizes of micron order. It was found by the methylene blue adsorption measurement in aqueous media that relatively high adsorption capacityica. 70 mg/gjwas attained in case of the carbonceramics porous composite, which was calcined at 850 C with 14.5 mequiv./ gsawdust of K 2 CO 3 as activator and potter's clay as caking additive. These results indicate that porous ceramic materials dispersed with activated carbon can be prepared from ISW, and an appropriate amount of activator and caking additive with low cation exchangeable ability are eective to enhance the adsorbability for methylene blue.
doi:10.2109/jcersj.111.826 fatcat:r3xwchg72fdpflvbsuv6gqp654