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In this paper, a new mathematical model is developed to optimize replenishment policies and inventory costs of a two-echelon supply chain system of kerosene product under demand uncertainty. The system consists of a fuel depot at the upper echelon and four petrol stations at the lower echelon. The petrol stations face stochastic stationary demand where inventory replenishment periods are uniformly fixed over the echelons. Adopting a Markov decision process approach, the states of a Markov chaindoi:10.12660/joscmv8n2p67-76 fatcat:34u2jr2qdrerji6qxzoeiscd4e