Comparison of starts and turns of national and regional level swimmers by individualized-distance measurements

Santiago Veiga, Antonio Cala, Pablo G. Frutos, Enrique Navarro
2014 Sports Biomechanics  
The aim of this study was to compare the race characteristics of the start and turn segments of national and regional level swimmers. In the study, 100 and 200-m events were analysed during the finals session of the Open Comunidad de Madrid (Spain) tournament. The "individualized-distance" method with two-dimensional direct linear transformation algorithm was used to perform race analyses. National level swimmers obtained faster velocities in all race segments and stroke comparisons, although
more » ... gnificant inter-level differences in start velocity were only obtained in half (8 out of 16) of the analysed events. Higher level swimmers also travelled for longer start and turn distances but only in the race segments where the gain of speed was high. This was observed in the turn segments, in the backstroke and butterfly strokes and during the 200-m breaststroke event, but not in any of the freestyle events. Time improvements due to the appropriate extension of the underwater subsections appeared to be critical for the end race result and should be carefully evaluated by the "individualized-distance" method.
doi:10.1080/14763141.2014.910265 pmid:25325772 fatcat:txxuydjl3jfqle2cwwkinnihze