BIOGAS FROM CASSAVA PEELS WASTE

Felix Aibuedefe Aisien, Eki Tina Aisien
2020 Detritus  
The increasing growth of cassava agro-industries in Nigeria has led to the enormous generation of cassava peels waste. The feasibility of generating biogas and biofertilizer for both domestic and agricultural applications from cassava peels waste inoculated with cow dung was investigated. Fresh and stale cassava peels were used in the study. Three pretreatment chemicals such as sodium hydroxide (NaOH), calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH) 2 and ammonium chloride (NH 4 Cl) buffer solutions were used in
more » ... ns were used in pretreating the cassava peels and cow dung slurry. Six batch anaerobic biodigesters of 10-litre capacity each were used in this study for 40 days retention period. The pH, temperature, and volumes of biogas and methane produced were monitored and recorded daily. The fertilizer qualities (total solids, volatile solids, % phosphorus, % nitrogen, etc.) of the digester slurry and the digester sludge after 40 days digestion were determined using official methods of analysis of Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). The results showed that the amount of biogas generated is 2540 cm 3 /day. The stale cassava peels and cow dung slurry and the use of NH 4 Cl pretreatment chemical gave the best biogas production and methane yield of 104,961cm 3 and 62.3% respectively. The digester sludge from the anaerobic digestion of cassava peels and cow dung showed and demonstrated good biofertilizer qualities.
doi:10.31025/2611-4135/2020.13910 fatcat:ykg75m6knrg4nfyqtag5tfuaie