Retrieval of aerosol optical properties over Beijing: a comparison between SKYNET and AERONET

Xianyi Yang, Huizheng Che, Hitoshi Irie, Quanliang Chen, Ke Gui, Ying Cai, Yu Zheng, Linchang An, Hujia Zhao, Lei Li, Yuanxin Liang, Yaqiang Wang (+2 others)
2019 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> This study assesses the performance of SKYNET in comparison to AERONET (Aerosol Robotic Network) for retrieving aerosol optical properties (AOPs) in Beijing, China. The results obtained from simultaneous measurements show high correlation coefficients (>&amp;thinsp;0.994) for aerosol optical depth (AOD) at each wavelength. The highest correlation coefficient for Ångström exponent is 0.825, at 500&amp;ndash;870&amp;thinsp;nm. The single scattering albedo (SSA) of
more » ... NET is systematically larger than that of AERONET at each wavelength, and adjusting the SVA (solid view angle) and SA (surface albedo) input values can easily affect the value of SKYNET SSA. The volume size distribution patterns derived from the two networks' instruments are both bimodal, which is typical, while the coarse-mode volume of SKYNET is larger than that of AERONET on average.</p> <p>According to the frequency distribution of aerosol particles, coarser aerosol particles often present in autumn and finer particles usually exist in winter, and there are more absorbent aerosol particles in winter. SKYNET data, combined with meteorological data, CALIPSO (Cloud–Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations) data, backward trajectories, and WPSCF (weighted potential source contribution function) and WCWT (weighted concentrated weighted trajectory) analyses are used to analyze a serious pollution event in winter over Beijing. The results suggest that it was not only affected by local emissions but also by regional transport. The AOPs under three weather conditions (clean, dusty, haze) in Beijing are discussed. The values of AOD on haze days are about 10.3, 10.0, 8.7, 6.3 and 6.2 times larger than those on clean days at 400, 500, 670, 870 and 1020&amp;thinsp;nm, respectively; and under haze conditions, the PM<sub>2.5</sub> (fine particulate matter) is about 7.6 times larger than that under clean conditions. The values of AOD on dusty days are about 7.1, 7.4, 7.0, 5.3 and 5.2 times larger than those on clean days at 400, 500, 670, 870 and 1020&amp;thinsp;nm, respectively; and under haze conditions, the PM<sub>2.5</sub> is about 5.2 times larger than that under clean conditions.</p>
doi:10.5194/amt-2019-339 fatcat:67j6ruj365fgrhp2tpf4muavkq