Evaluation of Health Education Intervention Program for Female Employees Towards Osteoporosis

A Abd, El Hameed, A Abd, El Hameed, H Emam, W Fouad, A Abd, El Mohsen
2008 Journal of Applied Sciences Research   unpublished
Osteoporosis is a disorder of decreased bone mass density, micro architectural deterioration, and fragility fractures that can progress in silence to be undetectable for decades. Aim of the work: is to improve knowledge through implementing a health education intervention program for Egyptian female employees about osteoporosis to prevent or delay its development. Methodology: A cross sectional study was done over a period of one year from April 2006 to March 2007 in National Research Centre
more » ... Research Centre (NRC). A stratified random sample of 365 (NRC) female employees was subjected to a pre-test self-administrated designed questionnaire including demographic data and questions about osteoporosis. Health education intervention program was planned and implemented based on the degree of their knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis. Post-test was done using the same questionnaire. Printed booklets and pamphlets about osteoporosis were distributed to participants for knowledge sustainability after post-test. Data entry and analysis were done using SPSS version 15. Results: The mean age of the studied group was (42.81±11.13). Nearly 52% of female employees' answers about different knowledge aspects of osteoporosis pre-test questionnaire were correct. This figure changed to 86% during post-test with high statistically significant difference (p<0.001). The highest levels of general correct knowledge among the participants were reported about; the magnitude of the disease and its occurrence with percentages of 86.6% & 84.1% respectively. This study showed significant improvement in participants' awareness regarding all general items during post-test after health education intervention program. The least awareness during pre-test was about dietary habits that may lead to osteoporosis e.g. excess consumption of sugars & salts, proteins & fats and brown bread which represented (20.0%, 21.1% and 29.0%) respectively. The awareness regarding this topic showed statistically significant improvement (p<0.001) during post-test (70.7&, 76.2% and 64.6%) respectively. About prevention and diagnosis; many items of knowledge upgraded after health education program e.g. the type of preventive sports (lifting weights and going upstairs) that was represented 12.3% increased to be 83.0% during post-test. Moreover, regarding the participants' awareness about diagnostic methods e.g. diagnosis by doing biochemical tests, their correct answers represented 53.4% during pre-test versus 88.4% during post test with high statistically significant difference (p<0.001). A statistically significant improvement in the mean score of all items of knowledge during post-test versus pre-test was observed. Both age and level of education were found to be the main predictive factors for upgrading score of knowledge. Conclusion: Health education intervention program among Egyptian female employees in National Research Centre was an effective method for raising their awareness level about osteoporosis.