Ablação de arritmias da câmara de saída do ventrículo direito e esquerdo com sistema de navegação magnética por controlo remoto
Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and potential complications of a remote-controlled magnetic navigation system (Niobe II, Stereotaxis) for mapping and ablation of right or left ventricular outflow tract ventricular tachycardia or premature ventricular contractions. Methods: We studied 32 consecutive patients, mean age 43±11 years, 24 female. Mapping of the arrhythmia was performed using the CARTO RMT mapping system, remotely guided by the Niobe II. Radiofrequency
... Radiofrequency ablation was performed at the site of earliest ventricular activation with pacemapping of at least 11/12 leads. Acute success was defined as suppression and non-inducibility of the arrhythmia after stimulation with isoprenaline. After a minimum 3-month follow-up, we assessed clinical success (absence of symptoms and suppression of the arrhythmia on Holter recording), defined as less than 50 premature ventricular contractions/24 hours. Results: The origin of the arrhythmia was in the right ventricular outflow tract in 28 patients (88%), in the left in three, and in the epicardium in one. Acute success was achieved in 26 patients (81%). Two patients underwent a second successful procedure, in one of which an epicardial approach was necessary. The overall clinical success rate, after two repeat procedures, was 88%. No complications occurred. There were two recurrences during a mean follow-up of 307±204 days. Conclusion: The Niobe II remote control system for mapping and ablation of ventricular outflow tract arrhythmias is effective and safe, and provides precise mapping and a high success rate, with no complications.