Analysis of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induced by RCAS1

Nakashima
2010 International Journal of Molecular Medicine  
A tumor-associated antigen RCAS1 (receptor binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells) induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis to a putative RCAS1 receptor (RCAS1-R) expressing cells such as T, B, and natural killer cells. Its expression is related with clinical poor prognosis of some malignant tumors. It is suggested that the expression of RCAS1 in tumor cells plays an important role in evasion from host immune system resulting tumor progression, invasion and metastasis. However, the
more » ... However, the mechanism of RCAS1 induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis has not been clarified. In this study, we established a mouse L cell line transformed with tetracycline-induced rcas1 gene expression system and analyzed the RCAS1 functions. We showed that RCAS1 induced cytochrome c release and activation of caspase-3 for apoptosis. Moreover, we investigated cell cycle associated proteins and revealed that cyclin D3 decreased significantly and no change was seen in the expression levels of the other proteins. These results suggest that cyclin D3 is one of the key target molecules in the RCAS1-RCAS1-R signaling pathway.
doi:10.3892/ijmm_00000396 fatcat:o5auffjgajga7c3s3gdmhuhpzy