Women in the South African Labour Market, 1995-2005

Carlene van der Westhuizen, Sumayya Goga, Morne Oosthuizen
2007 Social Science Research Network  
Recent research has found that changing policies and attitudes and improved economic performance have impacted on the labour market dynamics for women and the increased feminisation of the South African labour force since the mid-1990s has been well documented. While employment has increased more rapidly for women than for men over the period, it has been suggested that women are overrepresented in low-income, less secure employment. In and as a result women are also overrepresented amongst the
more » ... esented amongst the unemployed. the increased demand for labour over the period than men, accounting for more than half of the increase in employment, with the bulk accruing to African women. In line with previous Workers. Female unemployment rates increased for all covariates, but African women and When returns to employment are considered, it is clear that discrimination by gender and race remains. When real mean monthly earnings in 2001 and 2005 are compared it is found that women of all race groups earned less than men in both years, with the exception of Coloureds very large differences especially at the lower skills levels.
doi:10.2139/ssrn.967277 fatcat:prt3vxlt4bbf7iltmtat6k5wse