Castaing's Electron Microprobe and its Impact On Materials Science

Dale E. Newbury
2000 Microscopy Today  
A central theme of modern materials science has been the exploration of the relationship between the microstructure of a material and its macroscopic properties. Beginning in the late 19th century, the developing field of metallography permitted scientists to view the microstructure of metal alloys. Mechanical polishing followed by selective chemical etching produced differential relief on chemically distinct phases or at grain boundaries. With such specimens, reflection optical microscopy
more » ... led structures with micrometer and even finer dimensions. The microstructural world that was found proved to be highly complex, and most alloys were observed to be chemically differentiated into two or more distinct phases.
doi:10.1017/s1551929500057503 fatcat:muphavv3dzdetaxs4utatfdnsq