Effects of Air Pollution on Respiratory Diseases in India

Rekha Jalandra
2017 Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research  
Air pollution is the undesirable change in quality of air. In a developing country like India where majority of population lives in rural area, but both rural and urban areas are equally affected by pollution. Air pollution is largest environmental health risk that approximately kills 1 in 8 people globally, due to heart disease, stroke, respiratory disease and cancer. According to WHO air quality model (2016) about 92 % of world's population lives in places where air quality level exceed WHO
more » ... level exceed WHO limits. Particulate matter present in polluted air such as dust, smoke, pollen and volatile organic compounds trigger can cause serious damage to respiratory tract. When we breathe in dirty air, we bring air pollutants deep into our lungs; can trigger new cases of asthma. It can not only worsen a pre-existing respiratory illness, but also provoke the development of other diseases such as chronic illness, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma and respiratory allergies, pulmonary hypertension, lung cancer etc., which can be fatal. By eating balanced and nutritious diet, not exposing to polluted area and wearing masks at a place where AQI is above the limit. Creating awareness about harmful effects of air pollution among people may be helpful to downscale its fatal effects.
doi:10.18535/jmscr/v5i7.05 fatcat:vxe2i4s6nvevxkvj42ybvhbqcy