Inorganic Salts Effect on Adsorption Behavior of Surfactant AEC at Liquid/Liquid Interface

Changhua Yang, Weimin Lin, Qing Wang, Baolun Niu, Xiujuan He
2013 Research Journal of Applied Sciences Engineering and Technology  
Behaviors of nonionic-anionic surfactant sodium fatty Alcohol polyoxyethylene Ether Carboxylate (AEC) at dodecane/water interface influenced by inorganic salts NaCl, CaCl 2 and MgCl 2 were investigated by interfacial tension methods and molecular dynamics simulation. Contrasted distributions of various salts at interface and in aqueous solutions and resulting lowering the interfacial tension have been observed. Composition of surfactantssalts complex at interface surrounding different cations
more » ... different cations within 2.5 Å were found to be in two categories: (i) the octahedral complexation of divalent cation was generated by the participation of surfactant head group and water molecule, (ii) only water molecules were involved in the complexation. According to the simulation results, all the Na + involved in type ii, without any direct interaction with surfactant head group, while Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ involved in type I, following the formula: C a 2+ + 4 (surfactant) 2+ . This strongly chelate interaction between Ca 2+ and surfactants makes surfactants more stretched at interface, thus more effective in oil/water interface.
doi:10.19026/rjaset.6.3966 fatcat:yqshlxhcyzdx3g6foepljh56fm