A REVIEW OF SPIRITUAL TOURISM: A CONCEPTUAL MODEL FOR FUTURE RESEARCH

Mutia Sobihah Abdul Halim, Ekrem Tatoglu, Shamsiah Banu Mohamad Hanefar
2021 Tourism and hospitality management  
Purpose – The growth of non-materialistic impulses among people around the world has led to the emergence of a special category of tourism that can be termed 'spiritual tourism'. This article presents an attempt to provide a conceptual model for spiritual tourism drawing from the literature on spirituality, religion, and tourism. Design/ Approach – As this study intends to build a bridge between spirituality and tourism, the authors reviewed various articles and adopted the Spiritual
more » ... piritual Intelligence Model devised by Hanefar, Sa'ari, and Siraj (2016) to build a conceptual model of spiritual tourism. Methodology – Content analysis was used to arrange more than forty dimensions of spiritual tourism from the chosen articles. These dimensions were coded and mapped against the Spiritual Intelligence Model. Findings – The emergent dimensions of spiritual tourism showed that tourism offers unique opportunities in guiding human being to gain spiritual development through religion and nonreligion tourism activities/experiences. Originality of the research – The authors developed a Conceptual Model of Spiritual Tourism with seven themes: Meaning/Purpose of life, Consciousness, Transcendence, Spiritual resources, Selfdetermination, Reflection – soul purification, and Spiritual coping (with obstacles). This model intends to serve as a systematic pathway to authors and other researchers for future research related to spiritual tourism.
doi:10.20867/thm.27.1.8 fatcat:bkq6aov7lrfezkzofytwsxqs5q