The effect of Amifostine (Ethyol) on intestinal anastomosis in rats with radiation enteritis

C S Ozdemir, K M Burgazli, E Beken-Ozdemir, H Akdere, M Mericliler, M F Ozcelik
2013 European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences  
Preoperative radiotherapy in colorectal cancers is being used as an adjuvant therapy with increasing frequency. Postoperative complications in early and late periods in various ratios are reported. It has also been shown that radiation has a delaying effect on wound healing and this effect is dose-dependent. This study investigated the effects of the Amifostine on healing of the irradiated colonic anastomosis. 30 female Wistar rats were divided randomly into three groups equally (n=10). Colonic
more » ... lly (n=10). Colonic anastomosis were performed to all rats. Group I served as a control. 800 rad abdominopelvic irradiation on the 5th day of preoperation was given to group II and III. Rats in the group III, prior to radiation, were given Amifostine at a dose of 200 mg/kg. On the 5th postoperative day all the rats were sacrificed and the healing of anastomosis was measured with bursting pressure, hydroxyproline levels and histopathological evaluations. Statistical analyses were expressed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) test and p < 0.05 was regarded as significant. In group II, all parameters were found lower compared with control group and Amifostine+Radiation group. As compared with hydroxyproline values and the anastomotic wound healing scores, except group II, no significantly difference were determined between the two other groups. In bursting pressure levels, Group I and III were higher than group II, but not statistically significant (p > 0.05). In group III (Amifostine+Radiation group), the hydroxyproline levels and anastomotic wound healing scores were found significantly higher than group II (p < 0.05), and no significant difference were found between the control group. It is determined that radiation given on the 5th preoperative day has a negative effect on anastomotic wound healing and administered Amifostine prevent this negative effect. In the light of these data, the Amifostine may have a positive effect on preoperative irradiated colonic anastomosis and may play an important role in future on the supporting of the colonic anastomosis.
pmid:23740449 fatcat:bl6uos4z5vd2harbt6dl6sa6vu