SELF-REGULATION IN CHILDREN BORN EXTREMELY PRETERM-LYNN ET AL 1 Self-regulation: A New Perspective on Learning Problems Experienced by Children Born Extremely Preterm

Lisa Lynn, Monica Cuskelly, Michael O'callaghan, Peter Gray
2011 Australian Journal of Educational & Developmental Psychology   unpublished
Survival rates are increasing for children born extremely preterm, yet despite the majority of these children having IQ scores within the average range, 50-70% of these children have later school difficulties. This paper reviews factors associated with academic difficulties in these children, emphasizing the contributions of executive functions (EF) and self-regulation. The roles of EF are examined separately, and also under the unifying construct of self-regulation; that is, the integration of
more » ... the integration of various behavioural, cognitive, and affective elements. Improving self-regulatory skills could moderate the negative effects of EF deficits and inform interventions to improve the educational outcomes of these children