A Comparative Analysis between Standard and mm-Wave Optimized BEOL in a Nanoscale CMOS Technology

Egidio Ragonese, Claudio Nocera, Andrea Cavarra, Giuseppe Papotto, Simone Spataro, Giuseppe Palmisano
2020 Electronics  
This paper presents an extensive comparison of two 28-nm CMOS technologies, i.e., standard and mm-wave-optimized (i.e., thick metals and intermetal oxides) back-end-of-line (BEOL). The proposed comparison is carried out at both component and circuit level by means of a quantitative analysis of the actual performance improvements due to the adoption of a mm-wave-optimized BEOL. To this end, stand-alone transformer performance is first evaluated and then a complete mm-wave macroblock is
more » ... ed. A 77-GHz down-converter for frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) long-range/medium range (LR/MR) radar applications is exploited as a testbench. For the first time, it is demonstrated that thicker metals and intermetal oxides do not guarantee significant improvements at mm-wave frequencies and a standard (low-cost) BEOL is competitive in comparison with more complex (expensive) ones.
doi:10.3390/electronics9122124 fatcat:aymuwrevybfn5daux27cbjmciy