How do we solve early turnover in care work? : Evidence from Japan

Shoki Okubo
This paper clarifies the determinants of early turnover rate in care workers and verifies the effect of The subsidy for improvement of the benefits of the care staff (SIBCS) which was introduced in October 2009. Since the elderly has been everincreasing while care workers is a chronic shortage, the biggest problem over the care workers is a shortage of human resources due to high early turnover rate. Given the rise of future care labor demand, it is a pressing issue to elucidate the
more » ... ate the determinants of early turnover rate and to clarify whether the past policy intervention had the effects on early turnover rate. By analyzing a large-scale survey of care workers in Japan, we found the following three points. First, the determinants of early turnover rate are different between the regular and non-regular workers. Second, the determinants of early turnover rate and turnover rate are different both for regular and non-regular workers. Third, the effect of SIBCS on early turnover rate is limited. Key words: care work, care workers shortage, early turnover, SIBCS Early Turnover in Care Work The founding of mandatory public long-term care insurance (LTCI) heightened demand for and attention towards care-related work. Care is a term for activities in fields that cannot be systemized in modern society, which has been visualized as "care work" by feminists and others (Morikawa 2015: 27). In other words, care, which has been recognized as a domestic help or obligation, became wildly known as "labor" or "services" by LTCI which professes to carry out the "socialization of care." On the other hand, difficulties facing care work were brought to light, and issues such as "early turnover" and "burnout" were exposed.
doi:10.18910/68285 fatcat:6v6fucw5gjayvoq75co5xcd7ii