Immune deposit and vasculopathy in metabolic-active lung tissues of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis [article]

Hui Ma, Lin Wang, Zi-Lu Wen, Xinchun Chen, Haiying Liu, Shulin Zhang, Jianqing Xu, Yan-Zheng Song, Ka-Wing Wong
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Metabolic activity in pulmonary lesion is associated with disease severity and relapse risk in tuberculosis. However, the nature of the metabolic activity associated with tuberculosis in humans remains unclear. Previous works indicate that tuberculosis bears resemblance transcriptionally with systemic lupus erythematosus in peripheral blood, except that the plasma cell component was absent in tuberculosis. Here we reported that the missing transcriptional component was present within the
more » ... t within the metabolic active tissues in the lung of patients with sputum culture-negative tuberculosis, within which increased levels of circulating immune complexes and anti-dsDNA antibodies were found relative to nearby non-metabolic active tissues. Histological examination revealed specific vascular deposition of immune complexes, neutrophil extracellular traps, and vascular necrosis in the metabolic-active tissue. Thus, tuberculosis-initiated metabolic activity was associated with hyperactive antibody responses and vascular pathology, and shared features with systemic lupus erythematosus and other autoimmune diseases. We discussed these observations in the context of earlier literatures demonstrating that similar effects could be induced in humans and animal models by complete freund's adjuvant, the most potent antibody response inducer ever reported. Our small case series, if verified in a larger size study, might help inform host-directed therapies to alleviate disease progression and augment treatment efficacy.
doi:10.1101/2021.02.09.430558 fatcat:ucom4mxbezdjzaycqkp73ozolu