Caregiver Burden and Psychopa-thology in Schizophrenia : A Cross Sectional Study

Mirayala Gireesh Kumar, Pavan Kumar, Sai Sudha, Gorthi Nv, Neredumalli Kumar
Journal of Chalmeda Anand Rao Institute of Medical Sciences   unpublished
In developing countries like India where there is dearth of resources, major share and burden of caretaking of mentally ill patients is taken up by family members. Although lot of literature is available on caregiver burden and its correlates, there is only limited literature on caregiver burden in relation to various stages of schizophrenia and its implications. Our study was conducted to bridge this gap. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study of sixty chronic schizophrenia patients
more » ... hrenia patients admitted to IMH, Hyderabad from January 2015 to April 2015, were studied along with their primary caregivers. Burden Assessment Schedule (BAS), Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) were the scales used. Results: Negative symptoms were found to be better correlated with caregiver burden than positive or general psychopathology scores(R = 0.39, p = 0.0019). The implications of this finding were discussed. Conclusion: Chronic stage is characterised by predominant negative symptoms and consequently high caregiver burden. Thus, different interventions are needed for both patients and caregivers in different stages.