Transient pressure analysis for the reactor core and containment of a HTGR after a primary loop pressure boundary break accident

XiaoWei Li, XiaoTian Li, Li Shi, ShuYan He
2011 Chinese Science Bulletin  
The pressure variances in the reactor core and containment of a High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) after a primary loop pressure boundary break accident determine the structural integrity and safety of the reactor. Based on mass conservation, energy conservation and state equations, explicit formulae for the transient pressure and temperature variances in the pressure vessels were deduced, and a set of differential equations for the transient pressure and temperature variances in the
more » ... variances in the containment were developed. Numerical simulation was also conducted to investigate the transient pressure and temperature variances in the pressure vessels and containment. The results show that energy transformation due to expansion work cannot be neglected. The maximum pressure in the containment could increase by 40 percent due to blockage caused by air in the containment. Detailed numerical simulations of the transient pressure and temperature variance in the reactor core flow passages were also conducted. The results show that the pressures acting on the reactor core and containment are below acceptable values. transient pressure, theoretical analysis, numerical simulation, high temperature gas-cooled reactor, porous media, containment Citation: Li X W, Li X T, Shi L, et al. Transient pressure analysis for the reactor core and containment of a HTGR after a primary loop pressure boundary break accident.
doi:10.1007/s11434-011-4579-8 fatcat:vlh75e2u55dhdhgwlus3nf3h2e