A Review of Architectures and Concepts for Intelligence in Future Electric Energy Systems

Thomas Strasser, Filip Andren, Johannes Kathan, Carlo Cecati, Concettina Buccella, Pierluigi Siano, Paulo Leitao, Gulnara Zhabelova, Valeriy Vyatkin, Pavel Vrba, Vladimir Marik
2015 IEEE transactions on industrial electronics (1982. Print)  
Renewable energy sources are one key enabler to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and to cope with the anthropogenic climate change. Their intermittent behavior and limited storage capabilities present a new challenge to power system operators to maintain power quality and reliability. Additional technical complexity arises from the large number of small distributed generation units and their allocation within the power system. Market liberalization and changing regulatory framework lead to
more » ... tional organizational complexity. As a result, the design and operation of the future electric energy system have to be redefined. Sophisticated information and communication architectures, automation concepts, and control approaches are necessary in order to manage the higher complexity of so-called smart grids. This paper provides an overview of the state of the art and recent developments enabling higher intelligence in future smart grids. The integration of renewable sources and storage systems Manuscript
doi:10.1109/tie.2014.2361486 fatcat:cgcmnfg77rftfbvtiwlxiu7hfy