Further data with regard to sex differences

S.L. Pressey, L.W. Pressey
1921 Journal of Applied Psychology  
I. Problem and Materials. In a previous paper 1 by one of the writers, data were presented with regard to sex differences in central tendency and variability, as they appeared on a scale of general intelligence It was concluded that (1) the girls showed a very slight, though constant, superiority m central tendency when score on the entire examination was considered; on the individual tests they showed superiority in controlled association and memory-on 8 out of the 10 tests The boys showed a
more » ... The boys showed a marked superiority in arithmetic and were slightly better than the girls in general information. (2) The boys showed a slightly greater range-which was also constant for all reliable ages Analysis by test showed a similarly greater range for the boys on seven of the ten tests; three tests showed little difference, but in no case was there greater variability among the girls The present paper reports briefly certain further data with regard to sex differences on various types of examination. Three groups of data are dealt with: (a) Results from 1,408 children 6, 7 and 8 years of age, tested with the Primer Scale. 2 (b) Results from 787 children 12 and 13 years of age, tested with the Cross-Out Tests 3 (c) Results from 101 college students, tested with a series of tests intended for the "investigation of the emotions."* The reports on these three sets of data will be taken up in order. II Results, (a) The Primer Scale has been described in full elsewhere, in this connection it need only be said that it is a brief group scale for measuring general intelligence, consisting of four tests not involving ability to read or write, for use with children in the first 1
doi:10.1037/h0072228 fatcat:wtbqhckl6ngnja4m5xfxevkur4