Location Based Tracking System for Emergency Services

T. Swathi, B.S. Malleswari
2014 International Journal of Computer Applications Technology and Research  
Transmitting the geo-location information of a target via wireless networks is effective when both the target and the tracker are within Wi-Fi coverage area; the 802.11 wireless networks are not always accessible. When the target or the tracker is unable to access Wi-Fi, it is impossible to perform location tracking. Therefore, SMS is a relatively more reliable and flexible solution because of its widespread use. In this system, a device is equipped with a global system for mobile
more » ... obile communications (GSM) modem and a GPS unit. It transmits short messages containing its GPS coordinates to the server at 30-s intervals. Although transmitting the geo-location information of a target via wireless networks is effective when both the target and the tracker are within Wi-Fi coverage area, the 802.11 wireless networks are not always accessible. When the target or the tracker is unable to access Wi-Fi, it is impossible to perform location tracking. In this System, a novel method called location-based delivery (LBD), which combines the short message service (SMS) and global position system (GPS). LBD reduces the number of short message transmissions while maintaining the location tracking accuracy within the acceptable range. The proposed approach, LBD, consists of three primary features: Short message format, location prediction, and dynamic threshold. The defined short message format is proprietary.
doi:10.7753/ijcatr0312.1017 fatcat:3bacwo3panf5xiv4qegnakm33q