The Origin of Osmotic Effects. IV. Hydronodynamic Change in Aqueous Solutions

H. E. Armstrong
1923 Proceedings of the Royal Society A  
This is the conclusion Poynting came to in 1896 (' Phil. Mag.,' vol. 42, p. 298). Poynting was a convinced advocate of the view that association, not dissociation, is at the root of osmotic phenomena. The fact that complex hydrates are often formed seems to have been the chief reason why his view did not find greater favour (compare Callendar, ' Boy.
doi:10.1098/rspa.1923.0082 fatcat:x72rr2rokrbgdhqx4t6qbyqvhe