Effect of Preparation Method of Co-Ce Catalysts on CH4 Combustion

Sofia Darda, Eleni Pachatouridou, Angelos Lappas, Eleni Iliopoulou
2019 Catalysts  
Transition metal oxides have recently attracted considerable attention as candidate catalysts for the complete oxidation of methane, the main component of the natural gas, used in various industrial processes or as a fuel in turbines and vehicles. A series of novel Co-Ce mixed oxide catalysts were synthesized as an effort to enhance synergistic effects that could improve their redox behavior, oxygen storage ability and, thus, their activity in methane oxidation. The effect of synthesis method
more » ... synthesis method (hydrothermal or precipitation) and Co loading (0, 2, 5, and 15 wt.%) on the catalytic efficiency and stability of the derived materials was investigated. Use of hydrothermal synthesis results in the most efficient Co/CeO2 catalysts, a fact related with their improved physicochemical properties, as compared with the materials prepared via precipitation. In particular, a CeO2 support of smaller crystallite size and larger surface area seems to enhance the reducibility of the Co3O4/CeO2 materials, as evidenced by the blue shift of the corresponding reduction peaks (H2-TPR, H2-Temperature Programmed Reduction). The limited methane oxidation activity over pure CeO2 samples is significantly enhanced by Co incorporation and further improved by higher Co loadings. The optimum performance was observed over a 15 wt% Co/CeO2 catalyst, which also presented sufficient tolerance to water presence.
doi:10.3390/catal9030219 fatcat:7iwvnk2koveozjjqnxcu7aloue