Epidemiology of chronic respiratory diseases and associated factors in the adult Italian population
European Journal of Public Health
Detailed epidemiology of Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRDs) and of their risk and protective factors is needed to plan preventive interventions to reduce the burden of CRDs on population health. This study determines the prevalence of doctor-diagnosed CRDs and its associated factors in the adult Italian population. Methods: Data was collected from adults participating in the ongoing cross-sectional Italian Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System (PASSI) between 2013 and 2015. Results:
... 2015. Results: Among 108 705 respondents, 7.0% reported a CRD (3.4% asthma, 2.6% COPD, 1.0% Asthma-COPD Overlap Syndrome). Current smoking was more frequent in the group with CRD compared to those without (30.8% vs. 25.2%, P 5.2.001), as was physical inactivity (41.9% vs. 36.4%, P 6.4.009) and overweight/obesity (52.4% vs. 41.4%, P 1.4.001). Adults with CRDs also reported appropriate perception of insufficient physical activity and excessive body weight, adopted protective behaviours and received preventive interventions more often than those without CRDs. Conclusions: Italian adults with CRDs are more likely to be exposed to aggravating factors but are also knowledgeable of their condition and amenable to behaviour change. Since effective interventions for modifying these factors are available, there is an opportunity to reduce the significant disease burden of CRDs through specifically targeted health promotion interventions.