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Building Improvised Microbial Fuel Cells: A Model Integrated STEM Curriculum for Middle-School Learners in Singapore
The benefits of STEM education for learning important knowledge, skills, and affect are widely accepted, though the former is currently absent in Singapore's formal curriculum. This study therefore describes a model-integrated STEM curriculum at the middle-school level for developing scientific as well engineering literacy. Based on design-based inquiry (DBI), it incorporated inquiry science learning with an engineering design challenge for students to build improvised microbial fuel cellsdoi:10.3390/educsci12060417 fatcat:v754mqpb2revlhmatgoqrliefq