Adapting crops, landscapes, and food choices: Patterns in the dispersal of domesticated plants across Eurasia [chapter]

Dorian Q. Fuller, Leilani Lucas, Nicole Boivin, Michael Petraglia, Remy Crassard
Human Dispersal and Species Movement  
After the domestication of plants and animals, the subsequent spread of agriculture represented a process of adaptation of both species and landscapes. Crop species moved beyond their original ecological limits, and their range expansion, when successful, was generally the result of adaptive post-domestication genetic changes on the part of the plants, human-induced changes in agricultural landscapes, and the dynamics of cultural food choice. This chapter explores the patterns by which
more » ... s by which agriculture became established as a consequence of the diffusion of domesticated plants (and sometimes people), as well as the ways in which agricultural systems were gradually transformed through the diversification of crop packages. Comparisons from across Eurasia are drawn to identify general patterns in crop dispersal, with three categories playing the largest role in the diffusion of grain-based agriculture. These agricultural systems are discussed and their modes of diffusion, stories of collapse, and examples of new adaptations on the part of the crops and agricultural systems detailed.
doi:10.1017/9781316686942.013 fatcat:scohr3syq5ajzc55x4lnykzymu