Emilija Stojanović, Dragan Radovanović
2020 Facta Universitatis Series Physical Education and Sport  
The aim of this study was to provide an overview of doping prevention strategies in school-aged children and adolescents. To preserve the spirit of sport, the Anti-Doping Code requires that each anti-doping organization should develop and implement education and prevention programs for athletes, including the young and support staff. Education programs that encourage respect, equity, and inclusion, are closely related to fairness and should be implemented in school-aged children. The focus on
more » ... hool-aged children is essential, since early adolescence is a critical stage associated with a distorted body image (muscle dysmorphia), which in turn can lead to deliberate use of prohibited substances (mostly androgenic anabolic steroids) or methods. Since adolescents are focused on the "here" and "now", the conception of anti-doping programs should emphasize the adverse effects of doping at the early stage of use, as well as a high probability of health consequences. Encouraging prevention should raise awareness of the recipients about adverse effects, which in turn should produce anti-doping behavior. Moreover, the goal of preventive actions should be the development of self-esteem, which equals the observance of rights and values of other people, and the ability to refuse through the strategy termed "A way to say: No".
doi:10.22190/fupes200520028s fatcat:i6fkjz74xrhfzd2biyiwrv3wdq