Prevalence of orofacial pain perception in dental teaching hospital-Karachi
International Dental & Medical Journal of Advanced Research - VOLUME 2015
Pain is defi ned as an obnoxious subjective and multifaceted phenomenon associated with signifi cant discomfort with potential tissue damage and is one of the most common symptoms of orodental diseases. Orofacial pain is a term that consists of diff erent manifestations of pain in the facial region and oral cavity. Facial pain includes the type of pain whose origin is below the orbitomeatal line, above the neck and infront of the ears, while the oral pain arises from the structures within the
... al cavity. Materials and Methods: The study was approved by the Ethical Committee, Baqai Medical University. A simple random sampling technique was employed and a total of 700 patients were seen at the Outpatient Department of Operative Dentistry, Baqai Dental College. Of them, 300 patients complained of orofacial pain. Data were analyzed using SPSS 19. Descriptive statistics (frequency and percentages) were obtained. Association between pain perception with diff erent age groups were obtained by using Chi-square test (P = 0.05). Results: Regarding site of pain the commonest site was found to be the lower jaw. 55 (58.5%) of the patients in the age group of 15-25 years complaint of pain in lower jaw. 33 (35.1%) of the patients presented with orofacial pain presentation on the same day. 38 (40.4%) of the patients of 15-25 years old complained of dull pain. Regarding selfmedication taken because of pain 20 (23.3%) of the patients in the age group of 26-35 years of age were on ansaid followed by 16 (17%) of the patients in 15-25 years age group taking paracetamol, Synfl ex by 3 (3.2%)of the patients in the age group of 15-25 years old. Conclusion: The present study concluded that orofacial pain was common in the study population of age group of 15-25 years old. Therefore, there is a urgent need to educate patients providing them better health care facilities.