Correspondence between EEG-fMRI and EEG dipole localisation of interictal discharges in focal epilepsy

Andrew P. Bagshaw, Eliane Kobayashi, François Dubeau, G. Bruce Pike, Jean Gotman
2006 NeuroImage  
EEG-fMRI and EEG dipole source localisation are two non-invasive imaging methods that can be applied to the study of the haemodynamic and electrical consequences of epileptic discharges. Using them in combination has the potential to allow imaging with the spatial resolution of fMRI and the temporal resolution of EEG. However, although considerable data are available concerning their concordance in studies involving event-related potentials (ERPs), less is known about how well they agree in
more » ... l they agree in epilepsy. To this end, 17 patients were selected from a database of 57 who had undergone an EEG-fMRI scanning session followed by a separate EEG session outside of the scanner. Spatiotemporal dipole modelling was compared with the peak and closest EEG-fMRI activations and deactivations. On average, the dipoles were 58.5 mm from the voxel with the highest positive t value and 32.5 mm from the nearest activated voxel. For deactivations, the corresponding values were 60.8 and 34.0 mm. These values are considerably higher than is generally observed with ERPs, probably as a result of the relatively widespread field, which can lead to artificially deep dipoles, and the occurrence of EEG-fMRI responses remote from the presumed focus of the epileptic activity. The results suggest that EEG and MEG inverse solutions for equivalent current dipole approaches should not be strongly constrained by EEG-fMRI results in epilepsy, and that the use of distributed source modelling will be a more appropriate way of combining EEG-fMRI results with source localisation techniques.
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.09.033 pmid:16269248 fatcat:lchaw2ddwzhj5cwil5hzzrfkfm