Human Estrogen Receptor β 548 Is Not a Common Variant in Three Distinct Populations

Li Xu, Qiang Pan-Hammarström, Asta Försti, Kari Hemminki, Lennart Hammarström, Damian Labuda, Jan-Åke Gustafsson, Karin Dahlman-Wright
2003 Endocrinology  
Several isoforms of estrogen receptor (ER) ␤ (also known as NR3A2) have been reported, including variants with different N-terminal ends. In rodents, two in-frame initiation codons (ATGs) are used to produce proteins of 530 and 549 amino acids, respectively. In humans, the upstream ATG is out of frame in all clones reported, until recently, when human clones with an extra A-T base pair placing the upstream ATG in frame were reported. The authors suggested that this could represent a novel
more » ... rphism in the ER␤ gene. Because human ER␤548 (hER␤548) and hER␤530 display different functional characteristics in vitro, it is of interest to determine if this variant constitutes a polymorphism in human populations. We therefore determined the frequency of this novel isoform in several populations including African (n ‫؍‬ 96), Caucasian (n ‫؍‬ 100), and Asian (n ‫؍‬ 128) subjects using denaturing HPLC. We did not detect any alleles that correspond to hER␤548 in these samples or in additional samples of heterogeneous origin. It is concluded that hER␤548 is not a common variant in Africans, Caucasians, or Asians. (Endocrinology 144: [3541][3542][3543][3544][3545][3546] 2003)
doi:10.1210/en.2002-0118 pmid:12865336 fatcat:aoic4ju3yvehlelbt6kfwcks2q