Pesantren Literature as a Form of Ideological Discourse Countering Communism: the Representation of Communist Figures in Ahmad Tohari's Kubah

Muhammad Taufiqurrohman
Biodata: Muhammad Taufiqurrohman obtained his Magister Humaniora (Master of Arts) from Department of Literature (majoring Cultural Studies), Universitas Indonesia (UI). He is a lecturer of literature and cultural studies, Abstract One of the subculture literatures, pesantren literature remains "an unexplored territory" of literature study in Indonesia. As the cultural product of the pesantren tradition, it has ideologically shaped some significant narrative cultural enterprises. Following Jamal
more » ... es. Following Jamal D. Rachman's three main definitions of pesantren literature-as a literature that lives and develops in pesantren, as a literature written by people who are from the pesantren tradition and as a literature dealing with the pesantren (Ismah, 2011), I only focus on the second as the object of the research. By the second, a novel written by an author who is from pesantren is investigated, i.e. Kubah by Ahmad Tohari. The analysis shows that in regard to general features of pesantren literature, Ahmad Tohari's novel Kubah strongly embodies a form of ideological discourse countering the dominant political ideology at the time of 1950's-1960's, Communism. All in all, the paper reveals that pesantren literature, like other literary works, naturally tends to be positional and political.