El universo femenino en la obra de E. Zola. Ambivalencia y contraposición

Mª de Gracia Caballos Bejano
1996 Philología Hispalensis  
In this work we have had the intention to show the importance given by E. Zola to the female world, despite most of his important characters are male, excepting Gervaise and Nana. After the introduction about the social and juridical concepts of the XIX century women, about the dealing world in which they are involved, and about the role prostitution and adultery play during this time, the presentation of the female labour world is emphasized, point hardly noticed in other writers in the
more » ... iters in the century. The female ambivalence in which this work is based is centered around two types of women: those whose targets are seduction and their body care, in order to attract men's attention, and those who dedicate their life and body to procreation and education of their children. This is the main women's objetive for the writer and the eme that validates her position as the main piece inside farnily and society. educadora, de ella depende el porvenir de la sociedad. Jeanne Dorion lo explica en su libro L'opinion des femmes: La mission des femmes, de celles qui se sentent appelées, c'est l'apostolat et c'est comme meres qu'elles doivent se devouer pour préparer un avenir meilleur a leurs enfants1. Jules Michelet, uno de los ideólogos de Zola, define en L'amour (1859) las características ideales de la mujer casadera para la sociedad de este momento; sería la que dejara al hombre en completa libertad para moldearla a su antojo y para colmar con ella sus necesidades: ... sencilla y amante... pobre, aislada, poco rodeada de familia. Úl condición, la educación, son cosas completamente secundarias ... Corrw esposa, la mujer sencilla que uno puede educar un poco, y corrw hija la mujer creyente, que el padre educará por entero 2 .
doi:10.12795/ph.19961997.v11.i01.06 fatcat:rsrg4wtmzrfcrbghybqbbzlj6y