Comparison of Empirical Mode Decomposition, Wavelets, and Different Machine Learning Approaches for Patient-Specific Seizure Detection Using Signal-Derived Empirical Dictionary Approach

Muhammad Kaleem, Aziz Guergachi, Sridhar Krishnan
2021 Frontiers in Digital Health  
Analysis of long-term multichannel EEG signals for automatic seizure detection is an active area of research that has seen application of methods from different domains of signal processing and machine learning. The majority of approaches developed in this context consist of extraction of hand-crafted features that are used to train a classifier for eventual seizure detection. Approaches that are data-driven, do not use hand-crafted features, and use small amounts of patients' historical EEG
more » ... a for classifier training are few in number. The approach presented in this paper falls in the latter category, and is based on a signal-derived empirical dictionary approach, which utilizes empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and discrete wavelet transform (DWT) based dictionaries learned using a framework inspired by traditional methods of dictionary learning. Three features associated with traditional dictionary learning approaches, namely projection coefficients, coefficient vector and reconstruction error, are extracted from both EMD and DWT based dictionaries for automated seizure detection. This is the first time these features have been applied for automatic seizure detection using an empirical dictionary approach. Small amounts of patients' historical multi-channel EEG data are used for classifier training, and multiple classifiers are used for seizure detection using newer data. In addition, the seizure detection results are validated using 5-fold cross-validation to rule out any bias in the results. The CHB-MIT benchmark database containing long-term EEG recordings of pediatric patients is used for validation of the approach, and seizure detection performance comparable to the state-of-the-art is obtained. Seizure detection is performed using five classifiers, thereby allowing a comparison of the dictionary approaches, features extracted, and classifiers used. The best seizure detection performance is obtained using EMD based dictionary and reconstruction error feature and support vector machine classifier, with accuracy, sensitivity and specificity values of 88.2, 90.3, and 88.1%, respectively. Comparison is also made with other recent studies using the same database. The methodology presented in this paper is shown to be computationally efficient and robust for patient-specific automatic seizure detection. A data-driven methodology utilizing a small amount of patients' historical data is hence demonstrated as a practical solution for automatic seizure detection.
doi:10.3389/fdgth.2021.738996 pmid:34966902 pmcid:PMC8710482 fatcat:oz7d5547tveqrad53kk2kd5pey